objective

In this project , we will connect Arduino to HM-10 module and send/receive message to/from Android app through Bluetooth 4.0 protocol.

Parts and devices

1 x Bluetooth 4.0 HM-10 Master Slave Module

1 x Arduino UNO R3 (or MEGA2560)

1 x Android cell phone which supports Bluetooth 4.0

Introduction

Bluetooth 4.0 HM-10 Master Slave Module use TI CC2541, Master and slave roles in one, transmission version and remote control version and PIO state acquisition functions in one, Support the AT command modify module parameters, Convenient and flexible.Transmission version can be used to transmit data between two Bluetooth devices.Remote Control version can be used to Control PIO ports output high or low level without any other MCU.PIO state acquisition version can be used to acquisition PIO ports state without any other MUC. (Only support Bluetooth V2.1)

Parameter

Bluetooth Protocol: Bluetooth Specification V4.0 BLE
USB Protocol: USB V2.0
Operating Frequency: 2.4GHz ISM band
Modulation Mode: GFSK (Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying)
Transmitting Power: ≤4dBm
Sensitivity: ≤-84dBm at 0.1% BER
Transmission Rate: Asynchronous: 6 kbps
Synchronous: 6 kbps
Security Feature: Authentication and encryption
Support Service: Central & Peripheral UUID FFE0, FFE1
Power Supply: +5VDC 50mA
Operating Temperature: -5 ~ +65 Centigrade
Physical Dimension: 27mm x 13mm x 2.2 mm.

Pin Description

Pin

Description

STATE state test pins, connected to internal LED, generally keep it unconnected.
VCC positive pole of the power source.
GND Ground.
TXD serial interface, transmitting terminal.
RXD serial interface, receiving terminal.
BRK break connect, it means breaking Bluetooth connection, generally keep it unconnected.

Using Arduino UNO R3 Board

Step 1: You should compile and upload the code before building the circuit

Download the loop.ino sketch file, then load it into Arduino UNO.

Step2: Connecting circuit

Bluetooth 4.0 Arduino UNO R3
VCC 5V
GND GND
TXD Soft RX(pin10)
RXD Soft TX(pin11)

Step 3:  Go to your Android Phone Setting ->Bluetooth and Search the Bluetooth Module(device name should be sth like HC-05). Pair the device with pin number 1234.

Step 4: Install Sketch on Arduino

Since Arduino IDE needs TX/RX pin to load sketch code into flash, you have to disconnect D0,D1 from Bluetooth module first. Then

Download the loop.ino sketch file, then load it into Arduino UNO.

Step 5: Now you can use Arduino Serial Windows to talk with HM10 module with AT command
When you type "AT" in command window and click SEND, the serial window will show "OK".
When you type "AT+NAME?" ,serial window will show "OK+NAME:xxxx", xxxx is the name of the HM10 module.
When you type "AT+ADDR?", serial window will show "OK+ADDR:xxxx", xxxx is the address of the HM10 module

Step 6: Use Android/IOS APP to communicate between cell phone and Arduino with Bluetooth BLE module. First, you need download BLE scanner from Google Play or Apple store. Then follow the instruction in this tutorial link and test the communication: http://osoyoo.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/ble-android.pdf

Then in the text sending field, input a letter "A" and click SEND ASCII button.

You will see the arduino pin 13 LED will flash and your APP terminal will echo "REBECCA". This means the Arduino bluetooth module communicate with your Android APP very successfully.

 


Reference: Using AT Commands to configure HM-10 Bluetooth module
Additional Parts and Devices: 1 x USB to TTL Module and a PC computer

Step 1: wire.
Connect TXD of Bluetooth 4.0 Module to RXD of PL2303, RXD to TXD, GND to GND, and VCC to VCC. PL2303 is a USB to Serial Bridge Controller. You can also use other components, such as FT232.

Bluetooth 4.0 FT232
VCC VCC
GND GND
TXD RX
RXD TX

Step 2:set parameters
After wiring, open the serial port debug tool sscom32. Set parameters at first.
1) Open the serial port, click Open Com. Select the correct port, as shown below.

COM0321.png

2) Select the correct baud rate. Here select 9600 bps.Default: 9600, as shown below.

SET.png

Step3: Now, you can start to send instructions. Enter”AT” in the text box. If Bluetooth 4.0 Module goes well, OK will be sent, as shown below:
AT.png
Also you can send AT+NAME?. OK+NAME:HMSoft will be returned .

Name.png

Send AT+BAUD?, OK+Get:0 will be returned. Default: 0(9600)

Baud.png

For more information about Bluetooth 4.0 AT Instructions. please refer to Bluetooth 4.0 BLE module datasheet.pdf

Other Resources

BleSerialPort

Sscom32ESscom32E

OSOYOO HM-10 Bluetooth Module

How to get MAC under iOS

How to use ANCS

AppleNotificationCenterServiceSpecification