Objective

 

The installation of this lesson is based on Lesson 1 framework. If you haven’t finished the assembly in Lesson 1, please review http://osoyoo.com/?p=4906 and complete the installation.

In this lesson, we will add a servo motor, an ultrasonic module and a buzzer onto Lesson 1 framework. With these new devices, the car can “see” obstacle through ultrasonic sensor and measure the distance. If the distance is less than predefined threshold value, the buzzer will beep and the car will turn around from the obstacle automatically.

Parts and Devices

Device Name
picture
qty
Screw Number
Arduino UNO
1
M3 x 10 Screws and nuts, washer
Motor with wires
4
M3 x 30 Screws and nuts
L298N MOTOR driver module
1
M3 x 10 Screws and nuts, washers
Box for 18650 3.7V battery+
1
M3 x 10 Screws and nuts
DC power connector
1
voltage meter
1
M3 x 10 Screws and nuts, washers
SG90 Servo Motor
1
M3 x 10 Screws and nuts, washers
Ultrasonic module
1 M1.5 x 12 Screws and nuts
Buzzer Module
1
M3 x 10 Screws and nuts, washers
Mount holder for Servo motor
1
M2 x 10 Screws, screws for sg90
Jumper wires(male-female,female-female)
some
upper chassis
1
Copper pillar
 lower chassis
1
Copper pillar

Hardware Installation

1) Regarding how to install chassis, arduino and motors, please refer to Lesson 1:

OSOYOO Robot Car Starter Kit Lesson 1: Install UNO R3 Board and Motors on Chassis

1) Connect the SG90 servo motor to the holder with screw M2 x 10

2) Connect the servo motor arm to brakect with 2 x screws which comes with the servo motor, Connect the Ultrasonic Module to bracket with M1.5 x 12 screws and nuts

3)Fix the mount holder for servo motor on upper chassis with M3 x 10 Screws and nuts.

4) Put the arm with ultrasonic module on SG90 servo motor

5) Fix the Buzzer module with M3 X 10 screw and nut on upper chassis.

6)Wiring

Connect the buzzer module, ultrasonic module and servo motor as per below connection diagram:

Uno R3 Board Buzzer Module
GND GND
3.3v VCC
I/O D13

Ultrasonic Module Uno R3 Board
GND GND
Echo D11
Tr1g D12
VCC 5V

Uno R3 Board L298NPro
D2 IN1
D4 IN2
D5 ENA
D6 ENB
D7 IN3
D8 IN4
D9 S
SG90 Servo Motor L298NPro
Brown GND
Red 5v
Yellow S

4) Software

The SG90 Servo  can rotate approximately 180 degrees. Firstly we make the servo motor go to 90 degree position(middle position), then manually adjust the ultasonic sensor to straight forward direction. Thus to make sure the ultrasonic module can rotate to the left 90 degrees and also can rotate to the right 90 degrees. Download the servo adjust program from link:http://osoyoo.com/driver/servo_adjust.zip

Download and unzip, then upload the code to Uno board using Arduino IDE, turn on the power switch on the battery box. the servo motor will go to 90 degree position(middle position), At this time, if the ultrasonic sensor is not facing front direction of the car, you need manually adjust the sensor to straight forward direction. Then fix the ultrasonic module on sg90 servo motor with M2 x 10 screw

Software Installation:

Step 1:Download Lesson One sample code fromhttp://osoyoo.com/driver/smartcar-lesson3.zip  , unzip the download zip file smartcar-lesson3.zip, you will see a folder called smartcar-lesson3 .

Step 2:  Connect Arduino UNO to PC with USB cable, Open Arduino IDE -> click file -> click Open -> choose code “smartcar-lesson3.ino” in smartcar-lesson3 folder, load the code into arduino.

Step 4:  Choose corresponding board/port for your project,upload the sketch to the board.

Final Testing :

Turn on the power switch on the battery box, the ultrasonic module turn to front view position. If no obstacle is detected, the car will go forward.  If any obstacles is detected, the car will go backward first, then the ultrasonic module will turn from right to left to detect surrounding obstacle. If obstacle is found on the left, the car will turn right and vice versa. If both right and left side have obstacles, the car will go backward.

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