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In this lesson, we will connect a switch button to the NodeMCU ,and send the switch status to a MQTT broker. When the button is pressed, NodeMCU will publish the button status “pressed” to MQTT broker and the MQTT client will subscribe to these messages. When the push button is released, “not pressed” will be sent.





In this lesson,we use D2(GPIO4) to control the switch,the connection is as below:

Note: This 1 k resistor is using as a pull down resistor, In such a circuit, when the switch is closed, the NodeMCU  input is at a logical high value, but when the switch is open, the pull-down resistor pulls the input voltage down to ground (logical zero value), preventing an undefined state at the input.

Upload Sketch

Open this sketch by using Arduino IDE(Version1.6.4+):

Edit the code to fit your own WiFi and MQTT settings as following operations:

1)Hotspot Configration:

const char* ssid = “your_hotspot_ssid”;

const char* password = “your_hotspot_password”;

Find above code line,put your own ssid and password on there.

2)MQTT  Server  Address Setting

const char* mqtt_server = “”;

You can use your own MQTT broker URL or IP address to set above mqtt_server value. You can also use some famous free MQTT server to test the project such as  “”,  “” etc.

3)MQTT Client Settings

If your MQTT broker require clientID,username and password authentication,you need to change

if (client.connect(clientId.c_str()))


if (client.connect(clientId,userName,passWord)) //put your clientId/userName/passWord here

If not,just keep them as default.

After do that,choose the coresponding board type and port type as below,then upload the sketch to the NodeMCU.

MQTT Client Settings

About how to config the MQTT client,check this link.

Topics Settings:

Running Result

Onece the upload done,if wifi hotspot name and password setting is ok and MQTT broker is connected, open the Serial Monitor,you will see following result:Keep pressing this button,the Serial Monitor will output “Button status: Pressed” every 2 second;once release this button,the Serial Monitor will output “Button status: Not Pressed” every 2 second.

At the same time,open the MQTT client and click “Subcribe” ,you will see the button status as below: