Overhere we will show you what is the flame sensor and how it works, you can follow this lesson to get how to use the flame sensor with the micro bit.
Flame sensor (Infrared receiving triode) is specially used on robots to find the fire source. This sensor is of high sensitivity to flame. Flame sensor is made based on the principle that infrared ray is highly sensitive to flame. It has an infrared receiving tube to detect fire, and then converts the flame brightness into fluctuating level signal. In this lesson, we are going to show how to read the flame sensor’s value, then control the buzzer sound through inputting the fluctuating level signal into micro:bit board.
The Flame Sensor can detect flames in the 760 – 1100 nano meter wavelength range. Small flames like a lighter flame can be detected at roughly 0.8m. Detection angle is roughly 60 degrees and the sensor is particularly sensitive to the flame spectrum.The module consists of an IR sensor, potentiometer, OP-Amp circuitry and a led indicator. An on board LM393 op amp is used as a comparator to adjust the sensitivity level. The sensor has a digital and analog output and sensitivity can be adjusted via the blue potentiometer.
It has both outputs, analog and digital. The analog output gives us a real time voltage output signal on thermal resistance while the digital output allows us to set a threshold via a potentiometer. In our tutorial we are going to use both of these outputs one by one and see how the sensor works.We can use the flame sensor to make an alarm when detecting the fire, for safety purpose in many projects and in many more ways.
The pin out of the flame is as follows.
A0: This is the analog pin and this will be connected to the analog pin of the Arduino.
G/GND: This is the ground pin and this will be connected to the ground of the Arduino.
+/VCC: This is the input voltage pin of the sensor and this will be connected to the +5V of Arduino.
D0: This is the digital pin and this will be connected to the digital pin of Arduino.
In this example, we will show how to build a flame alarm.
Connection for flame sensor:
If you are not familiar to make code, don’t worry. At first, you can enter this link: https://makecode.microbit.org/reference to get the reference of microbit block.
Either copy and paste, or re-create the following code into your own MakeCode editor by clicking the open icon in the upper right-hand corner of the editor window. You can also just download this example by clicking the download button in the lower right-hand corner of the code window.
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