In this project, we will show how control instructions are sent to an IOT device. The demo device is an LED connected to NodeMCU, an economical but power full IOT micro controller with wifi access. We will use MQTT protocolto transmit message between devices.  MQTT is a Machine to Machine IOT  protocol.  This protocol allows one device(sender) to publish data to a MQTT  broker with specified Topic, another device(receiver) which subscribes the same topic can easily get message from sending device.

Parts and Devices

NodeMCU board  x 1 pc

LED  x 1 pc

220 ohm resistor x 1

Breadboard x 1 pc

jumper wires

Circuit Connection Graph


Programming Prerequisite:

Before running the project, we need set up the  Arduino IDE as per following procedures:

Library Installation:

In Arduino IDE, we need install MQTT client library to communicate with MQTT broker,  please download the library from following link:

Unzip above file, move the unzipped folder to Arduino IDE library folder (you can also import these two zip files to Arduino library from IDE).

Download sample code from following link

https://osoyoo.com/wp-content/uploads/samplecode/nodemcu-led.txt , copy the code into Arduino IDE. Before running the code, please do following changes to fit your wifi and MQTT setting:

1)Line 19 and 20:

const char* ssid = “your_hotspot_ssid”;

const char* password = “your_hotspot_password”;

You need change these 2 lines to match your wifi SSID and password

2)Line 21

const char* mqtt_server = “broker.emqx.io”;

You can use your own MQTT broker URL or IP address to set above mqtt_server value. You can also use some famous free MQTT server to test the project such as  “broker.emqx.io”,  “iot.eclipse.org” etc

If you want to install your own MQTT broker in Ubuntu Linux, please read this article https://osoyoo.com/2016/09/07/how-to-install-mosquitto-mqtt-server-on-linux

3)if your MQTT server require username and password authentication,  you need change line 86

Running the code

After you running the code, please open the serial terminal window in upright corner of Arduino IDE.

If wifi hotspot name and password setting is ok and MQTT broker is connected, you will see following result:


After the NodeMCU connected to wifi and MQTT broker, it subscribes the topic “OsoyooCommand”, if the received topic message is “1”, it will turn on LED, if the message is “0”, it will turn off LED. Let us use Linux Mosquitto  mqtt client software ( you can read this article https://osoyoo.com/2016/09/26/2610) to send 0 and 1, you will see result as following:


When you send linux command

mosquitto_pub -h broker.emqx.io -t “OsoyooCommand” -m “1”

the LED will be turned on.

When you send linux command

mosquitto_pub -h broker.emqx.io -t “OsoyooCommand” -m “0”

the LED will be turned off.