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In this lesson, we will show how to get the real-time environment temperature/humidity data by using NodeMCU and DHT11, then send the data to an MQTT broker via MQTT protocol, the MQTT client will subscribe to these messages.
- Arduino IDE(version 1.6.4+)
- ESP8266 Board Package and the Serial Port Driver
- MQTT Clirnt (MQTTBox here)
- Arduino library: PubSubClient
- Arduino library:DHT
Connect the NodeMCU to computer via USB cable,open this sketch by using Arduino IDE(Version1.6.4+):
Edit the code to fit your own WiFi and MQTT settings as following operations:
const char* ssid = “your_hotspot_ssid”;
const char* password = “your_hotspot_password”;
Find above code line,put your own ssid and password on there.
2)MQTT Server Address Setting
const char* mqtt_server = “broker.mqtt-dashboard.com”;
You can use your own MQTT broker URL or IP address to set above mqtt_server value. You can also use some famous free MQTT server to test the project such as “broker.mqtt-dashboard.com”, “iot.eclipse.org” etc.
3)MQTT Client Settings
If your MQTT broker require clientID,username and password authentication,you need to change
if (client.connect(clientId,userName,passWord)) //put your clientId/userName/passWord here
If not,just keep them as default.
After do that,choose the coresponding board type and port type as below,then upload the sketch to the NodeMCU.
- Board:”NodeMCU 0.9(ESP-12 Module)”
- CPU Frequency:”80MHz”
- Flash Size:”4M (3M SPIFFS)”
- Upload Speed:”115200″
- Port: Choose your own Serial Port for your NodeMCU
MQTT Client Settings
About how to config the MQTT client,check this link.
- Topic to publish: OsoyooCommand
- Topic to subscribe: OsoyooData
Onece the upload done,if wifi hotspot ssid and password setting is ok, all the connections are normal, open the Serial Monitor,you will see following result: the NodeMCU serial port keep output real-time humidity and temperature data every 6 second,and these messages will be published to the MQTT broker via MQTT protocol,then they will be subscribed by the MQTT client.
At the same time,open the MQTT client and choose subscribe to a topic called “OsoyooData” ,you will see the real-time humidity and temperature data as below:
On the MQTT publish topic side,once you publish the payload “0” or “1” to the topic “OsoyooCommand”, the NodeMCU will subscribe these payloads and make a feedback. If the payload is “0”,the NodeMCU get the real-time humidity data from DHT11, then print it on its serial port;If the payload is “1”,the NodeMCU will output the real-time temperature dat: